The Black Chaplains of the Regiments

  1. Chaplain Henry V. Plummer was the first. (9th Cavalry) served from 1884—1894, when he was Court Martial on a trumped-up charge.  In 2004, Maryland governor Robert Ehrlich signed an official document overturning the court-martial of Henry Plummer.
  2. Theophilus G. Steward (25th Infantry). Served from 1891—1907. He also made history in Ohio at Wilberforce University.
  3. George W. Preleau (9th Cavalry}. Served from 1895—1920.
  4. William T. Anderson (10th Cavalry) served from 1897—1910.
  5. Allen Allenworth (24th Infantry) served from 1886—1906. In 1895 Chaplain Allensworth sent his design for a New Chaplain's insignia to Washington for consideration. One like it was adopted by the Army for its Clergy. It involves a cross, on its side, inside a braided rectangle. Later, as a civilian, he founded an all-black town in Southern California known as Allensworth. He was also one of the highest ranking blacks in the service, along with Col. Charles Young.
  6. Col. Louis Carter is buried at the Fort Cemetery. His photograph is available at the Arizona Historical Society in Tucson. He is reported in the post information sheet about the Cemetery of as the "MUCH BELOVED CHAPLAIN" who was the only one to serve with all four of the black regiments from 1913—15, 1921—31, and from 1935—40.
  7. Father William C. Grau, Catholic Priest was with the "Bouncing Buffaloes“in Italy when the 92nd Division was the only black Combat unit in the U.S. Arm's Infantry, according to Foley. By the end of the war, he was their head Chaplain. He was a front line Chaplain that knew how to scrounge to get the necessary ingredients to improve the morale of his Non-Catholic men. In 1944 he took over a ballroom near the front on Christmas Eve and held a midnight mass. He managed to acquire a crib, a statue, an Italian Choir and musical instruments. Many will remember that special Christmas Service. He was with the 92nd for 16 months in Italy.
  8. Father John Walter Bowman, Catholic Chaplain was awarded the Bronze Star Medal for meritorious achievement for his work in the South Pacific. He was with the "Bouncing Buffaloes" of the 92nd Division in Ft. McClellan, Alabama. By March of 1943 he was transferred to the 93rd at Ft. Huachuca in Arizona and became a Captain too. He went to the South Pacific with this group and returned to the U.S. by 1946 as a Major. As a civilian he went to Mt. Bayou, Mississippi, an all-black town to establish a Catholic School. Foley tells us much more about these last two Catholic Priests in his work.
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